Research into Recovery and Wellbeing

A website about the work of the recovery research team at the Institute of Mental Health

The University of Nottingham


The CIVIC study aims to develop and evaluate a new psychosocial intervention to tackle loneliness in clinical populations. It is funded by NIHR CLAHRC East Midlands.

The study has two stages. Stage 1 involved developing the theory-base for the intervention as well as consulting stakeholders on how the intervention should be designed and delivered.

Stage 2 involved designing and evaluating the ‘Groups4Health’ social connectedness programme. The evaluation focused on adults aged 18-65 with a diagnosis of depression who also reported high levels of loneliness.

Recruitment for the study has now closed.

You can find an information sheet for the study here. If you would like more information please contact Laurie Hare Duke ( or 0115 7484334).


CIVIC papers

Development of the CIVIC Framework for social connectedness:

Hare Duke L, Dening T, de Oliveira D, Milner K, Slade M (2019) Conceptual framework for social connectedness in mental disorders: systematic review and narrative synthesis, Journal of Affective Disorders, 245, 188-199.